A bone graft is necessary to restore the foundation of the dental arch where the bone is too sparse. During a bone grafting procedure, an oral surgeon can place a bone graft material to restore the size and shape of the jaw. Over time, the bone graft material integrates with the existing bone, which restores the facial structure and creates a secure foundation to place dental implants.
A bone graft is a versatile treatment option and can restore a single tooth socket, a large area of bone where multiple teeth are missing, or even increase the size of the bone between the mouth and the sinus cavities. Depending on your needs, the bone grafting material used can be from your body or a tissue bank. Once the bone grafting material has integrated with existing bone, the jaw bone is ready for dental implant placement.
The Bone Grafting Procedure
Advances in the field of oral surgery have made bone grafting procedures much simpler, reducing recovery times and improving results for patients. Many patients choose to undergo their bone grafting procedure with sedation and rest comfortably throughout the treatment. A bone graft consists of tiny granules of bone suspended in an easy-to-apply gel. Oral surgeons apply this material directly to the area of the jaw lacking in bone. In some circumstances, growth factors can be combined with the graft material to speed up the healing process. The bone material can be taken from your body or a tissue bank, depending on your needs. In some circumstances, the oral surgeon can place the bone graft and the dental implant during the same surgical procedure, saving patients the time required to complete and heal after two separate procedures.
Types of Bone Grafting
We offer several common bone grafting procedures in our office:
- Sinus lift. Sometimes the maxillary sinuses, located behind the cheekbones, are too close for certain dental implants, such as upper back molars, to be placed. During a sinus lift procedure, bone graft material is placed between the sinus cavity and upper teeth, which creates enough space for a dental implant to be placed safely.
- Ridge expansion. Bone loss due to missing teeth can affect the bony ridge that holds your teeth in place. This ridge is called the alveolar ridge and is paramount to secure implant placement. A ridge expansion procedure simply increases the width and/or height of this ridge.
- Major bone grafting. Facial injuries, periodontal disease, birth defects, injuries, and other causes can present a larger area to graft. In most cases, bone is taken from the patient’s own body (usually from the jaw, hip, or tibia). A protective membrane may be used beneath the gums to promote healing while also protecting the graft.
Bone Grafting at Fresno Oral Maxillofacial Surgery & Dental Implant Center
If you need a bone grafting or dental implant procedure, we can help. At our offices located in Fresno, Clovis, Reedley, and Madera, our skilled team performs bone grafting procedures on a routine basis. Contact our office at the location nearest you for a consultation with one of our experienced oral and maxillofacial surgeons who will determine your treatment options based on your specific condition.